March: Anne Frank, dies in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Lower Saxony, Germany, of typhus.
March 1: Franklin D. Roosevelt gives what will be his last address to a joint session of the United States Congress, reporting on the Yalta Conference.
March 2: Former U.S. Vice-President Henry A. Wallace starts his term of office as U.S. Secretary of Commerce, serving under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. - The rocket-propelled Bachem Ba 349 Natter is first test launched at Stetten am kalten Markt. The launch fails and the pilot, Lothar Sieber, dies.
March 3: Finland declares war on the Axis powers. - United States and Filipino troops take Manila, Philippines. - Bombing of the Bezuidenhout: The British Royal Air Force accidentally bombs the Bezuidenhout neighbourhood in The Hague, Netherlands, killing 511 people. - A possible experimental atomic test blast occurs at the Nazis' Ohrdruf military testing area.[dubious - discuss]
March 4: In the United Kingdom, The Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army's Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as a truck driver/mechanic.
March 4: Football club FC Red Star (in Serbian: FK Crvena Zvezda) formed in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
March 5: Brazilian troops take Castelnuovo (Vergato), in the last prior operations for the Allied Spring 1945 offensive in Italy.
March 6: A Communist-led government is formed in Romania under Petru Groza following Soviet intervention. - Resistance fighters accidently ambush and attempt to execute SS general Hanns Albin Rauter, the arch-persecutor of the Dutch.
March 7: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross.
March 8: Josip Broz Tito forms a government in Yugoslavia. - The Nazi authorities kill 117 Dutch men in reprisal for the attempted murder of Hanns Albin Rauter. - Operation Sunrise: Waffen-SS General Karl Wolff meets with Allen Welsh Dulles of the United States Office of Strategic Services at Lucerne in neutral Switzerland to negotiate surrender of the Axis forces in Italy to the Allies.
March 9-10: Bombing of Tokyo - USAAF B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan, with incendiary bombs, killing 100,000 citizens in the firebombing.
March 9: The film Les Enfants du Paradis premieres in Paris.
March 12: Swinemünde is destroyed by the USAAF killing an estimated 8,000 to 23,000 civilians, mostly refugees saved by Operation Hannibal.
March 15: The 17th Academy Awards ceremony is held, broadcast via radio for the first time. Best Picture goes to Going My Way.
March 16: The Battle of Iwo Jima unofficially ends, with pockets of guerrilla resistance persisting until the official conclusion of the battle.
March 17: Kobe, Japan is fire-bombed by 331 B-29 bombers, killing over 8,000 people.
March 18: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
March 19: Adolf Hitler orders that all industries, military installations, machine shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed. - Off the coast of Japan, bombers hit the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing about 800 of her crewmen and crippling the ship.
March 21: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma. - Bulgarian and Soviet troops successfully defend the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubian Hills concludes.
March 22: Arab League is formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt. - St. Mary's Cathedral, Hildesheim, is destroyed in an air raid.
March 24: Operation Varsity: Two airborne divisions capture bridges across the Rhine River to aid the Allied advance. - Sylvester the cat, a cartoon character, debuts in Life with Feathers.
March 26: The Battle of Iwo Jima officially ends, with the destruction of the remaining areas of Japanese resistance.
March 29: The Red Army almost destroys the German 4th Army in the Heiligenbeil Pocket in East Prussia. - The "Clash of Titans": George Mikan and Bob Kurland duel at Madison Square Garden as Oklahoma State University defeats DePaul 52-44 in basketball.
March 30: The Red Army pushes most of the Axis forces out of Hungary into Austria. - Alger Hiss is congratulated in Moscow for his part in bringing positions of Western powers and the Soviet Union closer to each other at the Yalta Conference. (source: Wikipedia)