February 1 - The United States launches its first test of the Minuteman I intercontinental ballistic missile.
February 3 - China buys grain from Canada for $60 million.
February 4 - The Portuguese Colonial War begins in Angola.
February 5 - February 9 - In Congo, President Joseph Kasavubu names Joseph Iléo as the new Prime Minister.
February 9 - The Beatles perform for the first time at the Cavern Club.
February 12 - The U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
February 13 - The Congo government announces that villagers have killed Patrice Lumumba.
February 14 - Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized in Berkeley, California.
February 15 - President Kennedy warns the Soviet Union to avoid interfering with the United Nations pacification of the Congo.
- A Sabena Boeing 707 crashes near Brussels, Belgium, killing 73, including the entire United States figure skating team and several coaches.
- A total solar eclipse occurs in southern part of Europe
February 25 - The last public trams in Sydney, Australia, cease operation, bringing to an end the Southern Hemisphere's largest tramway network.
February 26 - Hassan II is pronounced King of Morocco. (source: Wikipedia)