August 5 - Marilyn Monroe is found dead from an overdose of sleeping pills and chloral hydrate, officially ruled a "probable
suicide". However, the exact cause of her death has been disputed.
- The South African government arrests Nelson Mandela in Howick, and charges him with incitement to rebellion.
August 6 - Jamaica becomes independent.
August 10 - Marvel Comics publishes Amazing Fantasy#15, which features the first published appearance of Spider-Man,
created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.
August 15 - The New York Agreement is signed trading the West New Guinea colony to Indonesia.
August 16 - Beatles drummer Pete Best is fired and replaced by Ringo Starr.
- Algeria joins the Arab League.
August 17 - East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter, as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into
August 22 - A failed assassination attempt is made against French President Charles De Gaulle.
August 23 - John Lennon secretly marries Cynthia Powell.
August 24 - A group of armed Cuban exile terrorists fire at a hotel in Havana from a speedboat.
August 27 - NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe.
August 31 - Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent. (source: Wikipedia)